Will South Sudan be ready for its first democratic elections comes 2023?Posted: 14 January, 2022 | Author: AfricLaw | Filed under: Garang Yach James | Tags: 2023, civil wars, communal conflicts, democratic elections, national elections, Permanent Ceasefire, Permanent Constitution, R-ARCSS, refugees, Repatriation of refugees, Republic of South Sudan, Security Sector Reform, social disorder, Transitional Period, Transitional security arrangements | 6 Comments
Author: Garang Yach James
South Sudanese Political and security analyst and PhD Student, University of Juba, South Sudan
This article discusses key requisite benchmarks for the success of first democratic elections towards the end of the Transitional Period in 2023. The author argues that the conduct of credible democratic elections is conditional on certain processes being successfully completed. The article posits that in lieu of faithful implementation of these processes, the conduct of first national elections in South Sudan is likely to birth mock democracy and would be a recipe for recycling of conflict. The article finally gives three recommendations as a path out of the series of transitional governments.
Requisite benchmarks for democratic elections in South Sudan
Since independence, South Sudan has never conducted general elections in its capacity as a sovereign State. Instead, the country has experienced multiple communal conflicts and civil wars which threatened prospects for democratic elections. In attempts to establish peace and security, the two agreements namely; ARCSS and R-ARCSS expected to transition the post-conflict state to democracy have been signed but none of the said agreements has transitioned the state to secure and peaceful South Sudan. To do this, the Revitalised Transitional Government of Nation Unity( RTGoNU) stands a chance of leading a successful transition provided that the following necessary benchmarks are achieved.