Judicial Independence and Transitional Justice in Cameroon: A Pathway to Sustainable Peace in the ongoing Anglophone CrisisPosted: 10 May, 2023 Filed under: Bobuin Jr Valery Gemandze Oben, Uncategorized | Tags: African Union’s Transitional Justice Policy, Anglophone crisis, Cameroon, conflict, constitutional enactment, constitutionalism, corruption, extrajudicial killings, inadequate resources, independence, judicial independence, OHCHR, orced disappearances, political interference, reconciliation, socio-economic transformation, sustainable peace, transformative constitutionalism, Transitional Justice Leave a comment
Author: Bobuin Jr Valery Gemandze Oben
Advocacy Specialist, Centre for the Study of Violence and Reconciliation
Since 2017 Cameroon has been faced with a separatist insurrection widely referred to as—the Anglophone crisis. It has had devastating effects on the country, and over its bloody course, has been considered the most neglected conflict in the world, with thousands of lives lost and about a million others displaced. Transitional justice tools can provide a pathway for addressing the underlying causes of the conflict and promoting reconciliation and sustainable peace. The OHCHR defines it as, ‘‘the full range of processes and mechanisms associated with a society’s attempt to come to terms with a legacy of large-scale past conflict, repression, violations and abuses, in order to ensure accountability, serve justice and achieve reconciliation’’. While in the African context, the African Union’s Transitional Justice Policy (AUTJP) defines it as ‘‘the various (formal and traditional or non-formal) policy measures and institutional mechanisms that societies, through an inclusive consultative process, adopt in order to overcome past violations, divisions and inequalities and to create conditions for both security and democratic and socio-economic transformation’’. However, as would be subsequently seen, the success of these measures is largely dependent on the independence of the judiciary.
Constitutional challenges to cryptocurrencies regulation in the Central African RepublicPosted: 2 May, 2023 Filed under: Rimdolmsom Jonathan Kabré | Tags: Bank of Central African States, CEMAC, Central African Economic and Monetary Community, Central African Republic, citizenship, constitutional implications, constitutional provisions, cryptocurrencies, e-residence, Law n°22.004 governing cryptocurrency in the Central African Republic, regulatory acts, Sango Coins Leave a comment
Author: Rimdolmsom Jonathan Kabré
Postdoctoral researcher, Centre for Human Rights, University of Pretoria
In my previous blog, I argued that the “CAR rushed to legislate cryptocurrencies without creating the ecosystem in which they should operate and ensuring that the country was ready for such a shift to cryptocurrencies. Therefore, many challenges still need to be addressed not only at the national level but also at the regional level”. I mainly highlighted the lack of infrastructure at the national level and discussed the challenges to regional integration since the CAR is a member of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC) which has entrusted the ‘exclusive privilege of monetary issue on the territory of each member state of the monetary union’ to the Bank of Central African States (BEAC). On 20 July 2022, this question was examined during the extraordinary session of the Board of Directors of the BEAC which encouraged the Central Bank to continue actions in favor of financial inclusion and the modernization of its infrastructure as well as the reflection aimed at creating a central bank digital currency.