Ensuring access to essential medicines through the inclusion of the right to health in the Mauritian ConstitutionPosted: 5 March, 2013 | Author: AfricLaw | Filed under: Ashwanee Budoo | Tags: African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights, constitution, Doha Declaration, HIV/Aids, human rights, International Covenant on Economic, Mauritius, medicines, public health, right to health, right to life, Social and Cultural Rights, TRIPS, World Trade Organisation | 1 Comment
Author: Ashwanee Budoo
Full-time candidate for the Law Practitioners Vocational Course in Mauritius
The right to health is protected by various international and regional instruments such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (article 25), the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) (article 12) and the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights (article 16) and being a party to these instruments, Mauritius has the obligation to ensure that its citizens’ right to health is protected. One aspect of the right to health is the right to access essential medicines. Essential medicines have been defined by the World Health Organisation as those which satisfy the health care needs of a majority of the population. In view of fulfilling this right Mauritius, a welfare state, provides for free essential medicines in government hospitals, area health centres and community health centres.